Electrolytes are minerals that accelerate rehydration, preventing muscle cramps, poor exercise performance, and premature fatigue.*
Electrolytes, consisting of the minerals sodium, potassium, magnesium, and calcium, accelerate rehydration, preventing muscle cramps, poor exercise performance, and premature fatigue.*
- Provides the four significant electrolytes (sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium) in the precise ratios required* to maintain and restore acid-base balance, blood pressure, nerve conduction, muscle function, body-water distribution, glucose transport, and glycogen storage*
- Enhances electrolytes and water balance, producing a hyperosmotic, super-hydrated working muscle*
- Accelerates rehydration, preventing poor exercise performance, premature fatigue, and muscle cramping*
Protein synthesis depends on cell hydration – if you're even a little dehydrated, you compromise your ability to recover from intense training. But water alone isn't enough.
Electrolytes (calcium, potassium, sodium, magnesium, chloride) function as "osmolytes" because they draw water into the cell. During and after an intense training session, we need water, amino acids, and electrolytes to maximize cell volume to drive protein synthesis.
And without precise ratios of electrolytes, we hamper blood pressure, nerve conduction, muscle function, and glucose transport and storage. Exercise performance suffers from premature fatigue and muscle cramps.
Sodium, magnesium, calcium, potassium, and chloride are all critical. Don't shy away from sodium unless for medical reasons. If you're sodium-depleted, your muscle pump from training will be almost nonexistent.
- Cribb PJ et al. Effects of supplement timing and resistance exercise on skeletal muscle hypertrophy. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006 Nov;38(11):1918-25.
- Yuill KA et al. The administration of an oral carbohydrate-containing fluid prior to major elective upper-gastrointestinal surgery preserves skeletal muscle mass postoperatively - a randomized clinical trial. Clin Nutr. 2005 Feb;24(1):32-7.
- Welsh RS et al. Carbohydrates and physical/mental performance during intermittent exercise to fatigue. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2002 Apr;34(4):723-31.
- Winnick JJ et al. Carbohydrate feedings during team sport exercise preserve physical and CNS function. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005 Feb;37(2):306-15.
- Davis JM et al. Carbohydrate drinks delay fatigue during intermittent, high-intensity cycling in active men and women. Int J Sport Nutr. 1997 Dec;7(4):261-73.
- Merson SJ et al. Rehydration with drinks differing in sodium concentration and recovery from moderate exercise-induced hypohydration in man. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2008 Jul;103(5):585-94.
- Mudambo SM et al. Body fluid shifts in soldiers after a jogging/walking exercise in the heat: effects of water and electrolyte solution on rehydration. Cent Afr J Med. 2001 Sep-Oct;47(9-10):220-5.
- Shirreffs SM et al. Rehydration and recovery of fluid balance after exercise. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2000 Jan;28(1):27-32.
- Galloway SD. Dehydration, rehydration, and exercise in the heat: rehydration strategies for athletic competition. Can J Appl Physiol. 1999 Apr;24(2):188-200.
- Brouns F et al. The effect of different rehydration drinks on post-exercise electrolyte excretion in trained athletes. Int J Sports Med. 1998 Jan;19(1):56-60.
- Sugiura K et al. Effect of carbohydrate ingestion on sprint performance following continuous and intermittent exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1998 Nov;30(11):1624-30.
- Ali A et al. The influence of carbohydrate-electrolyte ingestion on soccer skill performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007 Nov;39(11):1969-76.
- Kamel KS et al. Treatment of hyponatremia: a quantitative analysis. Am J Kidney Dis. 1993 Apr;21(4):439-43.
- Murray R. The effects of consuming carbohydrate-electrolyte beverages on gastric emptying and fluid absorption during and following exercise. Sports Med. 1987 Sep-Oct;4(5):322-51.
Products Containing Electrolytes
*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.