Malic acid is an intermediate in the citric acid cycle, and all living things require it to function. Consuming ample amounts can increase peak power, total work capacity, even growth hormone, and improve body composition.*
- Supports ATP production*
- Increases cellular energy*
- Increases work capacity*
- Enhances creatine absorption*
Malic acid is naturally in certain fruits (apples and watermelon) and vegetables (carrots and broccoli).
The human body also manufactures malic acid, but taking it as a supplement increases work capacity and peak power, improves body composition, and even boosts growth hormone (GH).
It does all this by being an intermediate in the citric acid cycle (aka the Krebs cycle), the process cells use to generate ATP.
- Qiang F. Effect of Malate-oligosaccharide Solution on Antioxidant Capacity of Endurance Athletes. Open Biomed Eng J. 2015; 9: 326–329. Published online 2015 Oct 19. doi: 10.2174/1874120701509010326.
- Wu JL et al.Effects of L-malate on physical stamina and activities of enzymes related to the malate-aspartate shuttle in liver of mice. Physiol Res. 2007;56(2):213-220. doi: 10.33549/physiolres.930937. Epub 2006 Mar 23.
- Dunaev VV et al. [Effect of malic acid salts on physical work capacity and its recovery after exhausting muscular activity.] [Article in Russian.] Farmakol Toksikol. 1988 May-Jun;51(3):21-5.